About Makar Sankranti Fesitval: Must Know Information

About Makar Sankranti Festival, one of the country's leading festivals is celebrated on 14th January. 

But sometimes it can be held on 13 or 15 January. It depends on the fact that when the Sun enters the Capricorn leaving the Sagittarius. 

about makar sankranti festival


About Makar Sankranti Festival

From this day, the beginning of the phase of Uttarayan of the Sun, that is why it is also called 'Uttaraani'. Let us know, why in the Indian society, Makar Sankranti is so important.



The special feature of this traditional celebration is that it's celebrated on the fourteenth Gregorian calendar month.

Not on totally different dates like different festivals, every year, once the sun passes through the Makar line once its ascending

Sometimes it is celebrated on or before one or the other day on 13 of January or fifteenth January but this is rarely done. 

Normally Makar Sankranti is correlated to the geography and position at which sun is placed in the universe. 

Whenever the Sun comes on Makar Line, that day is only on January 14, hence the Makar Sankranti is celebrated on this day.

From an astrological point of view, on this day, the Sun enters the Capricorn and the speed of the night of the Sun begins.

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It is said that on this day Lord Vishnu had announced the annihilation of the war between the gods and the Asuras for a long time by destroying the Asuras. 

At the same time, the ends of all the Asuras were suppressed in the Mandar mountain. This day is also considered to be a day to eliminate evils and negativity.

Normally In the rural places of India, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in their own way. 

Several parts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Kerala this festival is well known as Sankranti in Tamil Nadu this festival is celebrated as Pongal festival. 

During this time, the new crop is welcomed in Punjab and Haryana and Lohri is celebrated locally, and Bihu in Assam this festival is celebrated with glee. In each state, the name and celebrations would wary.

Based on different beliefs, the cooking dishes of this festival are also different, but the pulse and rice are prepared as khichadi which has become the main uniqueness of this festival. 

It is believed to have khichdi in a particular way including jaggery and ghee. Other than this, sesame and jaggery are given importance on Makar Sankranti festival. 

During this day after people taking bath with sesame oil in the early morning, which is considered ritual. Other than that, jaggery with sesame laddus is prepared with other side dishes. 

At this time Suhagana women also exchange the contents of the suhag. It is believed that this makes her husband's age longer.

Makar Sankranti is observed with donations made to poor people and exchanging of “ellu bella” so the importance goes with bathing and donation.

On this day bathing is important in pilgrimages and sacred rivers, as well as donating according to sesame, jaggery, khichdi, fruits and zodiac, virtue is attained. 

People believe that making donations will please the Sun god also known as Surya Deva made on this day.

This festival is celebrated with enthusiasm more than belief in rural and city area. During this festival, people celebrate by flying the kite. A large number of kite flying events are also organized in many places on this day.


The significance of Makar Sankranti 


When Yashoda Ji had fasted for Krishna's birth, then the Sun God was going to Uttarayan and on that day Makar Sankranti was there. Since then, the practice of Makar Sankranti fast started.

In the Mahabharata too, this day has been mentioned, because Bhishma's grandfather had sacrificed his life on the day of Makar Sankranti and had attained liberation. 

Earlier, while waiting for Uttarayan, he had been suffering from the arrows of the arrows.

It is believed that dakshinayana is a period of darkness, so at that time man does not get freedom. 

At the same time, Uttaran of Sun God is considered auspicious because it is the period of light. 

That is why Bhishma's the grandfather of Pandava & Kauravas considered this day as the most suitable for the sacrifice of his body.

An old belief associated with this festival is that on this day, the Gods Sun will visit his son to meet his son Saturn. 

Since Shani is the lord of Capricorn, hence this day is known as Makar Sankranti.

About Makar Sankranti Festival In Different Regions

In the different regions of India, the festival of Makar Sankranti is celebrated in different ways. In each state, festival name and celebrating varies.

In Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and Karnataka it is only called Sankranti and in Tamil Nadu, it is celebrated as Pongal festival. 

At present, new crop is welcomed in Punjab and Haryana and one day before Sankranti is celebrated as Lohri festival.

On the other hand, this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm in Assam as Bihu. 

It is believed that on the day of Makar Sankranti, all deities and goddesses in Triveni Sangam, Prayag of Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati change their appearance and come to the bath. 

Therefore it is believed that on this day bathing in the Ganges and other holy rivers, all the troubles are redressed.

The historical significance of Makar Sankranti

It is believed that on this day Lord Bhaskar visits his son Shani to visit his home. Since Shani is the lord of Capricorn, this day is known as Makar Sankranti. 

In the Mahabharata, Bhishma's had selected Makar Sankranti to renounce his body. On the day of Makar Sankranti, Gangaji came after Bhagiratha and came to the sea through Kapil Muni's ashram.

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